11 Despicable Animals That Eat Sardines! See Pictures

Last updated on February 5th, 2022

Sardines congregate to feed wherever there is the availability of ‘animal plankton’ and zooplankton. They are generally caught by encircling nets, mostly purse seines.

Animals that eat sardines:

  • Dolphin
  • Bass
  • Seal
  • Hermit Crab
  • Catfish
  • Penguin
  • Cormorant
  • Salmon
  • Chihuahua
  • Trout
  • Pelican

Sardines are fished because they have commercial importance and they can be used for consumption, fish meal, and as bait.

Human beings consume them; fresh sardines often get pickled, smoked, grilled, or sustained in cans.

Additionally, they possess a lot of vitamins and minerals that make them a healthy meal option, and these creatures enjoy having them in their diet.

Here are 11 animals that eat sardines:

1. Dolphin

dolphin and sardines 29122021

The Cetacea infraorder’s aquatic mammals are commonly known as dolphins. Forty extant species are referred to as dolphins.

These active predators eat squid, numerous fish species, and crustaceans like shrimps.

Coastal dolphins incline towards bottom-dwelling invertebrates and fishes, and the black dolphins generally hunt sardines down and then eat them.

Their size varies from Maui’s dolphin that is 50 kg heavy and 1.7 meters long to the 10 tons heavy and 9.5 m long killer whale.

They are capable of leaping approximately 30 feet, and many of its species demonstrate sexual dimorphism; females are comparatively shorter than males.

Their bodies are streamlined, and their two limbs are adapted into flippers. 

2. Bass

bass 29122021

Numerous species of fish are named bass, it includes both marine and freshwater species, and all of them belong to the Perciformes order.

Smallmouth spotted and largemouth bass is North America’s most famous game fish. Their popularity also exists in South Africa; they are frequently spotted in its dams, rivers, creeks, and lakes.

While fishing, Bass worms form a good bait; anything similar to mice, frogs, crayfish, baitfish, and worms can also be effective lures.

These opportunistic feeders can eat more or less anything available to them, like lizards, baby birds, insects, and even snakes. Smaller fishes like sardines can also tempt them.

3. Seal

seals and sardines 29122021

Seals are a diverse and distributed natural group of predominantly marine animals that are semi-aquatic, fin-footed, carnivorous, and are of the Carnivora order.

Seals are the common name for pinnipeds, and they currently come in thirty-four extant species, although there are also over 50 extinct species that were described through their fossils.

Bears are their closest relatives alive; their size varies from 1 m long and 46 kg heavy Baikal seal to the 5 m long and 3,200 kg heavy male southern elephant seal that is also Carnivora order’s largest member.

Sexual dimorphism is demonstrated by numerous of its species.

Fishes are their usual prey, but they also have eel, lobster, octopus, and squid that they will hunt down and consume.

The brown fur seal feeds on African penguins, crustaceans, gobies, mackerel, and sardines.

4. Hermit Crab

hermit crab 29122021

Hermit crabs belong to the Paguroidea superfamily; these decapod crustaceans are Anomuran. They have developed to utilize scavenged empty mollusk shells to protect their delicate exoskeleton.

They come in more than 800 species, and the majority of them have a snug-fitting shell concealing their asymmetric abdomen.

Hermit crabs’ exogenous shelter system is made obligatory by their abdominal exoskeletons that are non-calcified.

They must take up other organisms’ produced shelter for not being defenseless.

These omnivorous scavengers feed on clams, microscopic mussels, macroalgae, dead animal remains, vegetables such as carrot, kale, and spinach, and fruits such as coconuts, pineapples, and mangoes.

Hermit crabs also like to have minnows as well as sardines.

5. Catfish

catfish 29122021

A ray-finned fish’s diverse group is called Catfish; the inspiration for their name comes from their barbels that mimic cats’ whiskers, although all of them do not have ‘whisker’ or noticeable barbels.

They vary in behavior and size from their three largest living species to detritivores and a little parasitic species, Vandellia cirrhosa, known commonly as Candiru.

Scales are missing on both of its naked and armor-plated species. Eliminating Antarctica, their extant species reside in the coastal waters of every continent.

They are also spotted in a freshwater environment, albeit most live in running, shallow water.

These opportunistic feeders feed on scavenged debris, small fish, algae, and several other water plants.

Catfishes also consume sardines and minnows. Packaged sardines work well as lures for catching them.

6. Penguin

penguin catching fish 29122021

A flightless aquatic group is termed Penguins. They are almost specifically the inhabitants of the southern hemisphere, and the species Galápagos penguins are the only penguins found in the Equator’s northern part.

They are developed to live in water; their flippers and plumage that are counter-shaded, light and dark, help them swim.

They spend approximately 50%of their lives on land and the rest in the sea. The emperor penguins are its largest species alive and are 1.1 m long and 35 kg heavy.

Penguins mostly eat krill, squid, fish, and small fishes like sardines and other sea creatures that they catch underwater.

7. Cormorant

cormorant and sardines 29122021

Roughly 40 aquatic bird species form the family of Phalacrocoracidae, commonly referred to as shags and cormorants.

There are only two commonly encountered species in Ireland and Britain, the common shag and the great cormorant.

They vary in size from medium to large, and their weight ranges from 0.35-5 kg. Their wingspan is 60-100 cm.

Most of them have dark feathers, long, hooked, and thin bills, and outstanding divers. Their wings are considerably short for their economic underwater movement needs.

Cormorants eat shrimps, frogs, krills as well as sardines and they catch their prey by plunging from the surface. 

8. Salmon

salmons spawning 29122021

The Salmonidae family’s numerous ray-finned fish species are commonly named Salmon.

Many of their species are introduced into South America’s Patagonia and North America’s Great Lakes; these are the non-indigenous environment. They are farmed extensively across numerous parts of the world.

They are generally anadromous; they first emerge in freshwater and then resettle in the oceans and then return to their birthplace for reproducing, though some of their species are restrained to freshwater for their entire lives.

Nine salmon species are commercially significant, occurring in the Salmo genus and Oncorhynchus genus.

They feed on polychaete worms, crustaceans like amphipods, and fishes like the sand lance, lanternfish, Atlantic herring, sprats, minnows as well as sardines.

9. Chihuahua

two cute chihuahua puppies eating 29122021

Chihuahuas are on the list of one of the smallest dog breeds, and in accordance with some kennel clubs, they have the top rank in it.

Their name is taken from the Chihuahua, a Mexican state; Chihuahua usually stands 6-9 inches tall, although some of them can attain the height of 30-38 cm.

For confirmation, they must not cross the weight of 2.7 kg according to the American and British standards, albeit the British standard also suggests that 1.8-2.7 g weight is preferable.

Chihuahuas usually prefer having meat; they can eat chicken, beef, pork, lamb, and tinned fish like sardines.

10. Trout

trouts 29122021

Trouts belong to the Oncorhynchus, Salvelinus, and Salmo genera of the subfamily Salmoninae of the Salmonidae family.

These freshwater fish species are the close relatives of char and salmon. Like the lake trout, most trout reside exclusively in the rivers and freshwater lakes.

Brook trout and Arctic char are the char family’s parts. They serve as a significant food source for wildlife and humans.

Trouts of different environments usually have different patterns and colorations, their patterns and colors help them camouflage, and it changes with the change of their environment.

They eat various aquatic and terrestrial insects, crustaceans, worms, leeches, and other fishes like sardines and minnows. 

11. Pelican

pelican fishing 29122021

Pelicans form the Pelacanidae family and are a huge water bird genus.

Their traits consist of a long beak with a huge throat pouch, which helps catch fish or other prey and then drains the water that comes with it before swallowing.

Excluding Peruvian and brown pelicans, their plumage is mostly pale.

All pelican’s pouches, facial skin, and bills become luminously colored before their breeding season.

There are eight living species; they hunt cooperatively, breed colonially, and travel in flocks.

Pelicans are known for eating fish, but they will also have aquatic animals such as turtles, tadpoles, and crustaceans. 

Pelicans will also consume minnows, sprats as well as sardines.


The animals that eat sardines are dolphins, pelicans, bass, seals, hermit crabs, catfish, penguins, cormorants, salmons, chihuahua, and trout. Additionally, sardines work well as bait when catching fish and these animals are opportunistic feeders and will generally eat whatever they find. 

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